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Good Science: Mediterranean Diet Lowers CVD Risk in Prospective Study


Author’s Conclusion:

The author did not provide a conclusion; therefore the conclusion from the original article will be used. “A lower incidence of CVD was found with higher adherence to a Mediterranean diet in a UK cohort study. This study informs potential population impact of increasing adherence to a Mediterranean diet amongst the UK population. The study’s findings stimulate future population based and clinical investigations into the efficacy and effectiveness of adherence to a Mediterranean diet in Mediterranean and non-Mediterranean populations.”


Student’s conclusion (Vandrea Watts):

Based on a prospective study, a Mediterranean diet including: fruits, vegetables, legumes, cereals, and olive oil, can reduce CV mortality and the incidence of CVD amongst the UK population. Results showed with increased adherence to a Mediterranean diet, there was 5% decrease in the incidence of CVD, hazard ratio [HR], 0.95; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.92 – 0.97), and a 6 % reduction in the incidence of Ischemic Heart Disease(HR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.90 – 0.98, and a 5 %reduction in all-cause mortality (HR, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.93 – 0.98). In my opinion, the study suggests possible contributions to reducing CV outcomes by adhering to a Mediterranean diet. However, I would like to see this study replicated in the U.S.